The story of Munich


The German municipality of Munich committed to going beyond recycling by investing in a zero waste strategy focused on reuse and repair.

The case study focused on the experience of Halle 2, the flagship reuse hub of Munich that sits at the heart of its circular economy strategy. By selling goods that are collected across the 12 Munich Recycling Centers and then repaired, Halle 2 extends the lifespan of useful everyday items that would otherwise have become waste. AWM, the public company that owns the reuse hub, calculates around 1,000 tonnes of items are reused or repaired at Halle 2 each year.

In July 2020, Munich’s City Council passed a resolution affirming its commitment to developing a robust circular economy and zero waste strategy.

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Other Best Practices

Learn from the frontrunners how a city can move towards zero waste


The story of Tübingen


The German city of Tübingen took the pioneering steps of introducing a city wide tax on single-use plastic items, which formed just one part of a wider strategy to foster reuse within the city.


Introduction of tax on some single-use items



decrease of waste in public spaces

The Story of Milan


Milan’s case shows that successful biowaste collection schemes can be implemented in densely populated areas, allowing for reduced emissions and costs.


28 kgs

Biowaste collected



Biowaste collected


Supported by the LIFE Programme of the European Union. This website does not necessarily reflect the views of the donors.

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